Биография и библиография Кэтрин Ли Бэйтс

Katharine Lee Bates
Born 12 August 1859
Falmouth, Massachusetts, United States

Died 28 March 1929 (aged 69)
Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States
Occupation Author, Poet, Educator

Nationality: American

Genres: Poetry

Notable works: “America the Beautiful”, Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride

Katharine Lee Bates, (August 12, 1859 – March 28, 1929), is remembered as the author of the words to the anthem “America the Beautiful”. She popularized “Mrs. Santa Claus” through her poem Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride (1889).

Life and career
Katherine Lee Bates was born in Falmouth, Massachusetts, the daughter of a Congregational pastor. She graduated Wellesley College in 1880 and for many years was a professor of English literature at Wellesley. While teaching there, she was elected a member of the newly formed Pi Gamma Mu honor society for the social sciences because of her interest in history and politics for which she also studied.

Relationship with Katherine Coman
Bates lived at Wellesley with Katharine Coman, who herself was a history and political economy teacher and founder of the Wellesley College Economics department. The pair lived together for twenty-five years until Coman’s death in 1915. It is debated if this relationship was an intimate lesbian relationship as different sources maintain [1][2][3] or a platonic relationship (sometimes a called “Boston marriage”) as the local historical society of her birthplace maintain. In the years following Coman’s death, Bates wrote Yellow Clover: A Book of Remembrance, to Katharine Coman[2]. Almost all the poems there contained refer to the relationship between Bates and Coleman.

America the Beautiful
The first draft of “America the Beautiful” was hastily jotted in a notebook during the summer of 1893, which Bates spent teaching English at Colorado College in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Later she remembered

“One day some of the other teachers and I decided to go on a trip to 14,000-foot Pikes Peak. We hired a prairie wagon. Near the top we had to leave the wagon and go the rest of the way on mules. I was very tired. But when I saw the view, I felt great joy. All the wonder of America seemed displayed there, with the sea-like expanse.”
The words to her one famous poem first appeared in print in The Congregationalist, a weekly journal, for Independence Day, 1895. The poem reached a wider audience when her revised version was printed in the Boston Evening Transcript, November 19, 1904. Her final expanded version was written in 1913.

The hymn has been sung to other music, but the familiar tune that Ray Charles (1930-2004) delivered is by Samuel A. Ward (1847–1903), written for his hymn “Materna” (1882).

Other writings, honors, and death

Cover of an early edition of Goody Santa ClausBates was a prolific author of many volumes of poetry, travel books, and children’s books. She popularized Mrs. Claus in her poem Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride from the collection Sunshine and other Verses for Children (1889).

Her family home on Falmouth’s Main Street is preserved by the Falmouth Historical Society. There is also a street named in her honor, “Katharine Lee Bates Road” in Falmouth. Bates lived as an adult on Centre Street in Newton, Massachusetts. A historic plaque marks the site of her home.

Bates has two schools named in her honor, the Katharine Lee Bates Elementary School, located on Elmwood Road in Wellesley, Massachusetts and the Katharine Lee Bates Elementary School[4], located in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The latter was founded in 1957.

Katharine Lee Bates died in Wellesley, Massachusetts, on March 28, 1929, aged 69, and buried in oak Grove Cemetery at Falmouth. She was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

Works
The Wedding Day Book, Lothrop (Boston, MA), 1882, published as The Wedding-Day Book, with the Congratulations of the Poets, Lothrop (Boston, MA), 1895.
The College Beautiful, and Other Poems, Houghton (Cambridge, MA), 1887.
Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner, Leach, Shewell & Sanborn (Boston, MA), 1889.
Rose and Thorn, Congregational Sunday-School and Publishing Society (Boston, MA), 1889.
Ballad Book, Leach, Shewell & Sanborn (Boston, MA), 1890, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press (Freeport, NY), 1969.
Hermit Island, Lothrop (Boston, MA), 1890.
Sunshine, and Other Verses for Children, Wellesley Alumnae (Boston, MA), 1890.
The English Religious Drama, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1893, reprinted, Kennikat Press (Port Washington, NY), 1966.
Shakespeare’s Comedy of The Merchant of Venice, Leach, Shewell & Sanborn (Boston, MA), 1894.
Shakespeare’s Comedy of A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Leach, Shewell & Sanborn (Boston, MA), 1895.
Shakespeare’s Comedy of As You Like It, Leach, Shewell & Sanborn (Boston, MA), 1896.
Browning Studies: Bibliography, Robinson (Boston, MA), 1896.
Stories from the Chap-Book, Stone (Chicago, IL), 1896.
(Compiler with Lydia Boker Godfrey) English Drama: A Working Basis, Robinson(Boston, MA), 1896, enlarged as Shakespeare: Selective Bibliography and Biographical Notes, compiled by Bates and Lilla Weed, Wellesley College (Wellesley, MA), 1913.
American Literature, Chautauqua Press (New York, NY), 1897.
Spanish Highways and Byways, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1900.
Keats’s The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, Silver, Burdett, (New York, NY), 1902.
(Editor and author of introduction) The Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, fourteen volumes, Crowell (New York, NY), 1902.
Hamilton Wright Mabie, Norse Stories Retold from the Eddas, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1902.
(Compiler with Katharine Coman) English History Told by English Poets, Macmillan (New York, NY), 1902, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press (Freeport, NY), 1969.
(As James Lincoln) Relishes of Rhyme, Richard G. Badger (Boston, MA), 1903.
The Poems of Alice and Phoebe Cary, Crowell (New York, NY), 1903.
John Ruskin, The King of the Golden River; or, the Black Brothers: A Legend of Stiria, illustrated by John C. Johansen, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1903.
Tennyson’s The Princess, American Book Co. (New York, NY), 1904.
Tennyson’s Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur, Sibley (Boston, MA), 1905.
(Author of introduction) Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches, Crowell (New York, NY), 1906.
From Gretna Green to Land’s End: A Literary Journey in England, photographs by Katharine Coman, Crowell (New York, NY), 1907.
(Translator, with Cornelia Frances Bates) Gustavo Adolfo Becquer, Romantic Legends of Spain, Crowell (New York), 1909, reprinted, Books for Libraries Press (Freeport, NY), 1971.
The Story of Chaucer’s Canterbury Pilgrims, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1909.
America the Beautiful, and Other Poems, Crowell (New York, NY), 1911.
(Compiler and editor) The New Irish Drama, Drama League of America (Chicago, IL), 1911.
In Sunny Spain with Pilarica and Rafael, Dutton (New York, NY), 1913.
Chaucer’s Canterbury Pilgrims, Retold by Katharine Lee Bates, illustrated by Angus MacDonall, color plates by Milo Winter, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1914.
Fairy Gold, Dutton, (New York, NY), 1916.
(Author of introduction) Helen Sanborn, Anne of Brittany, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard (Boston, MA), 1917.
Thomas Heywood, A Woman Killed with Kindness, and the Faire Maide of the West, Heath (Boston, MA), 1917.
The Retinue, and Other Poems, Dutton (New York, NY), 1918.
Sigurd Our Golden Collie, and Other Comrades of the Road, Dutton (New York, NY), 1919.
(Editor) Once Upon a Time; A Book of Old-Time Fairy Tales, illustrated by Margaret Evans Price, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1921.
Yellow Clover, A Book of Remembrance, Dutton (New York, NY), 1922.
Little Robin Stay-Behind, and Other Plays in Verse for Children, Woman’s Press (New York, NY), 1923.
The Pilgrim Ship, Woman’s Press (New York, NY), 1926.
Tom Thumb and Other Old-Time Fairy Tales, illustrated by Price, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1926.
America the Dream, Crowell (New York, NY), 1930.
An Autobiography, in Brief, of Katharine Lee Bates, Enterprise Press (Falmouth, MA), 1930.
Selected Poems of Katharine Lee Bates, edited by Marion Pelton Guild, Houghton Mifflin (Boston, MA), 1930.
(Author of introduction) Helen Corke, The World’s Family, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1930.
Jack the Giant-Killer, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1937.
Jack and the Beanstalk; also Toads and Diamonds, Rand, McNally (Chicago, IL), 1937.
America the Beautiful, illustrated by Neil Waldman, Atheneum (New York, NY), 1993.
O Beautiful For Spacious Skies, edited by Sara Jane Boyers, illustrated by Wayne Thiebaud, Chronicle Books (San Francisco, CA), 1994.
Contributor to Historic Towns of New England, edited by Lyman P. Powell, Putnam (New York, NY), 1898. Contributor to periodicals, sometimes under the pseudonym James Lincoln, including Atlantic Monthly, Congregationalist, Boston Evening Transcript, Christian Century, Contemporary Verse, Lippincott’s and Delineator.[5]

Collections of Bates’s manuscripts are housed by the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, MA; Falmouth Historical Society, Falmouth, MA; Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Wellesley College Archives, Wellesley, MA.[5]